Study Muslim Contributions

 CONTRIBUTIONS OF ISLAMIC CULTURE
– a culture built on trade – 

1. PASSED ALONG CONTRIBUTIONS FROM ANCIENT WORLD
a. preserved the works of Greek Aristotle
b. medical knowledge of Galen and Hippocrates

2. PASSED ALONG CONTRIBUTIONS FROM CHINA
a. paper which the Arabs made from linen
b. silk cloth

3 PASSED ALONG CONTRIBUTIONS FROM INDIA
a. decimal positional system of numbers including zero

4. ARTS
a. manuscript illumination
b. calligraphy
c. architecture  (1:1.4 ratio)
d. form of violin and guitar
e. ornamental carpets

5. SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS
a. advances in ‘al-jabr’, or algebra, algebraic geometry and trigonometry
b. the use of symbols in mathematics
c. Avicenna wrote ‘The Canon of Medicine’
d. hospitals with doctors, pharmacists and nurses for even the poor
e. use of hollow needles to remove cataracts in eyes
f. first to produce sulfuric acid
g. added colour to glass using metallic oxides
h. formulas for perfumes
i. use of a ‘dustboard’ to do calculations
j. determined the earth’s circumference

6. ENGINEERING
a. a sextant for navigation so sailors could go beyond coastlines
b. large ships with three masts
c. a canal joining the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
d. oil wells
e. experiments with flight and rockets
f. water clocks

7. FARMING
a. sugar from sugar cane

ASSIGNMENT

A.    Turn the outline into a coloured and illustrated mind map.

B.    Do some extra research using World Book Online.

C.    With a partner, create a two-minute speech telling about the contributions of the Islamic world.

This page may be copied for use with students if the following credit is provided:
©2012 Sophie Rosen.

 

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