Word Roots

Match the roots to the definitions.

dic

addict

contradict

diction

predict

vindictive

dictate

verdict

dictator

edict

judicious

benediction

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– tell someone what to write or do

– decision made after hearing or considering evidence

– a root word meaning ‘say’

– a wise way of saying something

– a bossy person

– how clearly someone speaks

– someone who can’t stop an unhealthy habit

– words that are said at the end of a holy service to wish people well

– saying or doing something to get revenge

– say something that one thinks will happen in the future

– a rule or law

– say something that disagrees with someone else

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equ

adequate

equator

equilibrium

equitable

equate

equity

equivalent

equation

equidistant

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– a root word meaning ‘even’ or ‘just’

– say it is the same (verb); e.g. You can’t ________ hiking with sleeping; one is a lot harder!

– fair (adjective); e.g. That was a fair decision; we each got one hour of computer time.

– fairness (a noun); eg. There is equity in my classroom; everyone is given a chance to learn.

– numbers divided by an equal sign; eg. 4 x 3 = 12

– balance; e.g. I kept my balance and didn’t yell even though my friend was yelling at me.

– enough or sufficient

– an invisible line dividing the earth into two equal halves

– equal; e.g. 4 is equal to 1 + 3

– a place that is halfway between two other places

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audi

audible

auditor

inaudible

audibly

audit

auditorium

audience

audition

auditory

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something that is intended to be heard

out loud

something that is loud enough to be heard

a person who checks if money is properly spent

something that is not loud enough to be heard

a group of people who listen

a place where people can listen to a performance

a root word meaning ‘hear’

to check if money has been properly spent

perform for judges who listen to decide whether one is good enough

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bon

bona fide

bonny

debonair

bonanza

bon voyage

bountiful

bonbon

boon

bounty

bonus

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a root word meaning ‘good’

a source of great wealth

genuine or sincere

an unexpected extra benefit

attractive, esp. for babies

candy

‘Have a good trip!’

cheerful and self-confident; esp. used for a man

a gift or money paid to catch criminals

an advantage (noun) or favourite (adjective)

plentiful

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cap

capital

capitalize

captain

capitalism

decapitate

capitulate

per capita

———————————————————————————————

head of a group or team

the city where the government people meet

take advantage of an event

cut off someone’s head

give in

per person

a root word meaning ‘head’

a system where people can buy and sell things to make money

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cor

accord

courage

encourage

accordance

discord

record

cordial

discourage

—————————————————————————————————

a root word meaning ‘heart’

an account of what has happened

polite

give someone hope

take away someone’s hope

bad feeling

agreement

following or agreeing

willingness to do something difficult

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corp

incorporate

corpulent

corporation

corpse

corps

corpuscle

——————————————————————————————————

a root word meaning ‘body’

licensed business owned be a group

a red or white blood vessel

a group of people witha  special mission; eg. military, medical

a village that is not officially registered as a town

fat or obese

a dead body

to become an official town
or company

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fin

affinity

definite

infinite

confine

finale

finish

define

finance

refine

finicky

————————————————————————————————

a root word meaning ‘end’

very fussy about details

related to money

without end

to keep in a certain area

to be very sure

last performance

to change in order to make it better or more useful

liking someone or something without quite knowing why

complete

tell the meaning

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