Scientific Classification

This lesson on scientific classification contains some difficult words. Do not worry about them. Skim through the articles to find the answers you need and ignore the rest of the information. Skimming is an important skill you’ll need all your life, so here is your chance to practise it.

Go to World Book Encyclopedia:
(User name: waf34 Password: pass34)

A. Click on ‘World Book Kids’.

In the search box, type ‘biology’ and press return.
1. Look at the first article. Copy the definition of biology:
Click on the link to the article.
2 What are three ways living things are alike?
3. What is botany?  ______________________________________
4. What is zoology?  ______________________________________
5. What are three ways biology research helps people?
6. Scroll to the bottom of the article. Accurately copy the citation information in the format World Book recommends.

B. At the very bottom, there is a small rectangle labelled ‘World Book Student’. Click on it. In the search box, type ‘classification’ and press return. Click on the article called ‘Classification, Scientific’.

C. Look on the left hand side of the screen for the yellow section.
You’ll find an outline of the article. In the section called ‘Groups in classification’, there are eight sections. List them here:
1. _________________
2.. _________________
3.. _________________
4.. _________________
5.. _________________
6.. _________________
7.. _________________
8.. _________________

D. Now click on the word ‘Domain’ in the outline. You’ll go straight to the section about domains. Scientists have relatively recently changed how they organize living things on this earth. It happened in 1990, before you were born but only a few years ago for most adults.  A whole new category or group was added!
Make a list of the three domains, spelling them correctly:
1. . _________________
2. . _________________
3. _________________
4. Two of the domains are missing something in their cells.
What is missing?  _________________
5. What domain contains all plants and animals? _______________

E. Scroll down to the next section called ‘Kingdom’.

1. What kingdom has organisms that live in extreme environments such as the bottom of the ocean? _________________
2. What kingdom contains bacteria?  _________________
3. What is a kingdom that contains algae?  _________________
4. What kingdom contains mushrooms and yeast?  _________________

F. Scroll down to the section called ‘Class’.

1. What is a class has animals with hair on their bodies?  _________________
2. What is a class that has animals that feed their babies milk?  _________________
3. What is a class that contains only animals that have scales?  _________________

E. Scroll down to ‘Development of classification’.

1. Who was one of the first people to record information on classification?  _________________
2. How many organisms were known when he was alive?  ______________
3. Who was a scientist who developed a classification system in the 1700’s?  _________________

G. Scroll down to the very bottom of the article.
Find the line that shows the citation information that World Book recommends. Copy it accurately.
_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

H. What differences are there between the ‘Kids’ version of World Book and the ‘Student’ version?

I. If you have time, look up some more information related to classification. Be prepared to share what you discover.

[This page may be copied for use with students if the following credit is provided: ©2009 Sophie Rosen.]

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