A. KNOW THESE VOCABULARY WORDS:
Basic Level: neatly write out the words and the matching definitions
Higher Level: add small coloured illustrations
Highest Level: be creative (organize the words into groups or add a paragraph using the words or…)
6. empirical reasoning
area around a city
art technique that makes is appear that there is distance on a flat surface
belief that people can improve themselves if they put forth effort
carving a picture into wood and using it to create a stamp
someone who buys art/supports artists
steadiness without sudden or unexpected changes
state or country where citizens elect representatives to government
surface features of a geographical area; e.g. hills, rivers
think through an issue or problem before reaching a decision
think through a problem and gather physical evidence before reaching a decision
watercolour painting on wet plaster
worthless activity, possession or belief that does not lead to truth or goodness
chalk outline drawing
contempt or disdain for ideas and practices related to religion
correct relation between different parts in math, architecture and life
engraving a picture onto a metal plate to create a stamp
government by a few powerful people
heavy beam driven into the ground to support a building
inactive or not moving
money paid by bride’s family to groom’s family
order someone to appear somewhere; e.g. a court summons
send away or exile so that a person is not allowed back again
soldiers for hire without allegiance to a particular country
B. COPY AND COMPLETE THESE CLOZE PARAGRAPHS
The Renaissance, which means ___________, began in _______ in the ______ century. It was a time of some of the most important artists in history including ___________ and ______________. It was a time of important _____________ discoveries, too. And wealthy people had time to think about new ___________.
In the Middle Ages, people had a rather ________ outlook. Life was short and full of _____________. People hoped for _________ where they would have a happier life. Medieval artwork was full of __________ images to help people remember that a better life would come after ___________.
In the Renaissance, though, people did not think so much of a life after death. They thought about the great __________ and the great _______ from ancient ___________ and __________ and wanted to recreate that beauty in the world again.
A new invention, the _______________, helped spread these new Renaissance ideas that life could get better if people ___________ hard.
Leonardo da Vinci rebirth Michaelangelo Italy 14th suffering gloomy ideas heaven religious death scientific
artists Rome Greece ideas
worked printing press
But why did the Renaissance start in _________? The old Roman _______ and artwork inspired many Italians to create their own works of art. And the geography was a big __________. Cities, such as Venice and Genoa, along the _________ of Italy could easily trade with other places in Europe, Asia and __________. And all the _________ that people made with trade meant that they had more money to spend on creating and buying _______. In addition, some cities, such as Siena and Assisi, were on old well-travelled Roman _________ with lots of people ___________ along and ready to buy new goods. In fact, ___________ got so many travellers that it was the most powerful city in _________ for awhile. Then there was the mild _________ that meant people could keep travelling and ________ things all year round and not get shut indoors during the cold, __________ winter months. That mild climate also meant that _________ food was available all year round and people had more time think about new __________ because they were not so busy ___________ to stay alive.
Italy coast Africa ruins help
money art roads travelling Florence
Italy buying climate fresh muddy
In the Middle _________, the manor was the most important way of organizing _________ but in the Renaissance, the ___________ was the most important way of ____________ land. At the end of medieval period, when serfs and __________________ were leaving the _________ and going to towns, a huge shift took place. Towns grew into _________ and a new way of organizing land developed. Remember that countries, as we know them, did not yet exist. Instead ___________ cities, surrounded by ___________ where ___________ could be grown, became the most powerful places. The city-states sometimes hired soldiers, called ____________, and went to _____ against each other.
land city-state organizing Ages
freeholders cities crowded manors
food mercenaries war hinterland
Hundreds of years later,____________ became the most important
political forces. We are used to thinking of countries as being independent and ____________. But nowadays, huge _______________ corporations are becoming the most powerful __________ on earth. These huge ____________ operate in many countries and try to have _______ changed so that they can make more ___________ for their ________________.
powerful multinational forces countries
laws money shareholders companies
C. KNOW WHY WE STILL REMEMBER THESE PEOPLE:
For each person, discover…
a. date of birth and death
c. contribution to the world
Organize all these people into a system of your choice, providing the information listed at the basic level:
a. by country
b. by century
c. by field of contribution
Complete a project of your choice:
1. Make an illustrated and coloured mindmap.
2. Write an essay on one of these topics:
a. Who are three of the most important people of the Renaissance?
b. What country made the greatest scientific contribution to the world?
c. What country made the greatest artistic contribution to the world?
Giotto di Bondoni
Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo the Magnificent
D. CREATE ILLUSTRATED NOTES TO SUPPORT EACH OF THESE STATEMENTS: (Click HERE for ideas.)
1. It is not a surprise that the Renaissance started in Italy (Click HERE for information.)
2. The invention of the printing press changed society.
3. New artistic techniques developed during the Renaissance.
E. PROVE OR DISPROVE ONE OF THESE THESES IN 250-600 WORDS:
1. Renaissance Europeans were generally more optimistic than people of the Middle Ages.
2. People can improve themselves if they are willing to put forth effort. (Click HERE for ideas and information.)
3. Dictators are needed to maintain a peaceful country.
4. Disagreeing with powerful people – kings in the Middle Ages, the Church during the Renaissance, or governments today – can lead to unjust imprisonment or death.
5. The Renaissance changed how people in Europe viewed the world.