Vocabulary: Countries

Before you start studying a country or doing some research,
it is helpful to know the definitions of the words you will encounter.

Match the words to the correct definitions:

  1. agriculture
  2. arid
  3. capital
  4. capitalism
  5. census
  6. crop
  7. cultivation
  8. culture
  9. density
  10. developing nation
  11. dictatorship
  12. diversity
  13. domestic
  14. economy
  15. elevation
  16. ethnic
  17. environment
  18. exports
  19. imports
  20. income
  21. interdependence
  22. landform
  23. life expectancy
  24. manufacture
  25. market
  26. monarchy
  27. migrate
  28. per capita
  29. precipitation
  30. product
  31. raw materials
  32. rural
  33. savanna
  34. secede
  35. services
  36. society
  37. standard of living
  38. suffrage
  39. tariff
  40. technology
  41. trade
  42. universal
  43. urban
  44. vast
  45. vegetation
  46. zone
  • farming
  • tools made and used by people; e.g. pencils, hammers, cars, computers
  • move from one area to another
  • a plain or prairie mostly covered by grasses
  • for everyone
  • the language, customs and beliefs shared by a group of people
  • area or region
  • the city where the country’s government has its main offices
  • within the country
  • an area away from large towns and cities
  • the quality and quantity of conveniences available
  • a natural feature of the earth; e.g. mountain, valley, island
  • make in a factory or workshop to sell
  • something that is grown, raised or made to sell
  • variety; e.g. there is a lot of variety in religious beliefs in Canada
  • how long people are expected to live; how long they live, on average
  • the height above sea level
  • a language or cultural background; e.g. French, Vietnamese, Korean, Scottish, Nigerian
  • a type of government that has a king or queen as the head
  • how much is in a specific area; e.g. how many people per square kilometre
  • a country that is starting to have more industries and services for people
  • huge
  • leave or withdraw from an area or group
  • a count; e.g. how many people live in a country
  • the products a country sells to other countries
  • a system of government in which one person makes the laws and rules a country by force
  • helpful activities organized by a town or country; e.g. fire department, police force, hospitals, libraries
  • exchanging goods, or buying and selling products
  • an area where there are cities or large towns
  • surroundings; e.g. the plants and animals that live in an area, the lakes, rivers, hills and valleys in an area
  • the right to vote
  • plants and trees; usually refers to what grows naturally or ‘in the wild’
  • the place where things are sold and bought; a system where buying and selling things provides a lot of money for people
  • dry; little precipitation
  • the ‘natural ingredients’ or natural resources used to make something; e.g. logs to build houses
  • the total divided by the number of people in a country; e.g how many cars in a country per person
  • a plant that is grown for use by people or animals; e.g. wheat
  • an economic system in which people produce and sell goods for their own profit
  • growing plants for use by people or animals; growing potatoes
  • a group of people that interact with each other
  • the products a country buys from other countries
  • the money someone makes for doing something
  • water that falls from the sky in the form of rain, hail, snow or sleet
  • tax
  • the way a country makes money
  • a relationship in which different groups or people need each other; e.g. Canada needs other countries for crops such as oranges; other countries need Canada’s trees for building houses

See Ms. Rosen in the library for an answer key.

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