Continent Survey

Learn some of the major physical and political features of the world’s continents!

North America
Oceans: Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific
Seas: Bering, Caribbean
Bays: Hudson
Gulfs: Gulf of Mexico
Lakes: The Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior), Great Slave, Great Bear
Waterfalls: Niagara, Yosemite
Rivers: Mississippi, St. Lawrence, Hudson, Mackenzie, Yukon, Fraser, Columbia, Colorado, Rio Grande
Canals: Panama Canal
Islands: Greenland, Newfoundland, West Indies, Vancouver Island, Aleutians
Mountain Ranges: Rocky Mountains, Cascade Mountains, Appalachian Mountains
Mountains: Denali (McKinley), Logan
Deserts: Mojave, Death Valley, Osoyoos
Animals: polar bear, seal, caribou, deer, pronghorn, wolf, coyote, black bear, moose, beaver, raccoon, cougar, skunk, squirrel, duck, Canada goose, eagle, alligator, lizard, rattlesnake
Plants: sphagnum moss, cactus, redwood, cedar, pine, hemlock, fir, larch, spruce,  maple, hickory, oak, mahogany, alder, arbutus, birch, willow
Countries: U.S.A., Mexico, Canada, Guatemala, Cuba, Haiti, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Canadian provinces: B.C. (Victoria), Alberta (Edmonton), Saskatchewan (Regina), Manitoba (Winnipeg), Ontario (Toronto), Quebec (Quebec City), New Brunswick (St. John), Nova Scotia (Halifax), Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown), Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John’s)
Canadian territories: Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon
Cities: Washington, D.C., New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston,  Mexico City, Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Havana
Languages: English, Spanish, French
Dates: 1867 (Canada became an independent country)  1776 (U.S.A. became an independent country)

South America
Oceans: Atlantic, Pacific
Seas: Caribbean

Straits: Magellan
Passages: Drake
Gulfs: Gulf of Mexico
Lakes: Titicaca (highest navigable in the world)
Waterfalls:Angel (highest in the world)
Rivers: Amazon (most volume of water in the world)
Islands: Galapagos
Mountain Range: Andes (longest in the world) 
Mountains: Aconcagua
Deserts: Atacama (driest in the world)
Animals: tapir, anaconda, boa constrictor, piranha, llama, alpaca, monkey, flamingo, parrot, toucan, giant tortoise
Plants: orchid, mahogany, rubber, cocoa, sisal, coca, carnauba palm, balsa, pima cotton
Countries:  Brazil (Brasilia); Argentina (Buenos Aires), Peru (Lima), Ecuador (Quito), Chile, Columbia, Venezuela, Bolivia
Languages: Portuguese, Spanish

Europe
Oceans: Arctic, Atlantic
Seas: Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean, Black, North, Baltic
Channels: English
Lakes: Caspian Sea (saltwater but completely surrounded by land, largest in the world)
Rivers: Volga (longest), Thames, Seine, Rhine, Danube, Po, Tiber
Islands: Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland
Mountain Ranges: Urals, Caucasus, Alps
Mountains: Elbrus, Blanc
Animals: fox deer, brown bear, red squirrel, mole, rabbit, hedgehog, seal, otter, nightingale, robin, eagle, falcon, finch, adder
Plants: fir, larch, birch, spruce, birch, maple, oak, beech, elm
Countries: Russia (Moscow), Great Britain (London), France (Paris), Germany (Berlin), Italy (Rome), Greece (Athens), Netherlands (Amsterdam), Spain (Madrid), Ireland (Dublin), Sweden (Stockholm), Norway (Oslo), Denmark (Copenhagen), Vatican City
Tourist sites: Buckingham Palace (London), Eiffel Tower (Paris), Parthenon (Athens), Colosseum (Rome)

Africa
Oceans: Indian, Atlantic
Seas: Mediterranean, Red
Canals: Suez
Lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika (longest freshwater lake in the world)
Rivers: Nile (longest), Congo, Niger, Zambezi, Limpopo
Waterfall: Victoria

Deserts: Sahara, Kalahari
Islands: Madagascar
Mountain Ranges: Atlas
Mountains: Kilimanjaro (tallest)
Animals: baboon, cheetah, chimpanzee, crocodile, elephant, flamingo, giraffe, gorilla, hippopotamus, lion, ostrich, rhinoceros, wildebeest, zebra
Plants: acacia, baobab, bamboo, cedar, date palm, ebony, mahogany, olive
Countries: Egypt (Cairo), Ethiopia (Addis Ababa), Kenya (Nairobi), Libya (Tripoli), Morocco (Rabat), Nigeria (Abuja), South Africa (Cape Town), Sudan (Khartoum), Uganda (Kampala)
Tourist sites: safaris in the Masai Mara (Kenya), Mt. Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), the pyramids and Sphinx (Egypt), Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe)

Asia
Oceans: Arctic, Pacific, Indian
Seas: Bering, Japan, South China, East China, Arabian, Black, Aegean
Bays: Bay of Bengal
Lakes (completely surrounded by land): Caspian Sea (largest in the world), Aral Sea, Dead Sea
Rivers: Yangtze (longest), Yellow, Mekong, Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, Ganges, Lena, Ob, Yellow
Islands: Cyprus, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Japan
Mountain Ranges: Himalayas
Mountains: Everest (highest in the world)
Deserts: Gobi (rocky), Arabian (sandy)
Animals: fox, reindeer, elk, lemming, hare, brown bear, black bear, otter, giant panda, locust, monkey, crocodile, elephant, tiger, leopard, dromedary camel, Bactrian camel, water buffalo, Komodo dragon, scorpion
Plants: fir, pine, rubber, nutmeg, cinnamon, bamboo, teak, mulberry, tea, olive, rice, mango
Countries: Russia (Moscow), China (Beijing), India (New Delhi), South Korea (Seoul), Pakistan (Islamabad), Japan (Tokyo), Philippines (Manila), Vietnam (Hanoi), Afghanistan (Kabul), Iran (Tehran), Iraq (Baghdad), Israel (Jerusalem), Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Mongolia
Tourist Sites: Taj Mahal (India), Great Wall of China (China), Old City of Jerusalem (Israel)

Australasia / Oceania
Oceans: Pacific, Indian, Southern
Seas:  Coral, Tasman, Timor
Lakes (completely surrounded by land): Eyre (Aus.)
Rivers: Murray (Aus.)
Islands: Tasmania

Reefs: Great Barrier Reef (largest coral reef in the world)
Mountain Ranges:  Snowy Mountains (Aus.), Southern Alps (New Zealand)
Mountains: Uluru or Ayers Rock (Aus.)
Animals: emus, kangaroos, koalas, kiwi, kookaburra, parrots, platypus
Plants: acacia, eucalyptus
Countries: Australia (Canberra), New Zealand (Wellington), Fiji

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